Page 53 - Swatantrata to Atmanirbharta : Lokmanya Tilak’s legacy
P. 53

He founded trusts  and patronized  colleges, labs, libraries,
            gymnasia etc. he was honoured by nomination as the Sheriff of
            Mumbai in 1959. He was on the advisory boards of the State
            Bank of India, Bank of Maharashtra. He received the Padma
            Bhushan in 1971 and was awarded the D. Litt degree by the
            University of Puna in 1989.

               Tilak promoted local industries in cities, towns, and villages,
            by his editorials in Kesari. Businessmen like Baburao Paranjape,
            a jeweller from Vile Parle, in Mumbai, who was also a follower
            of Tilak, started Parle Tilak Vidyalaya and was pioneer of low-
            cost housing  affordable to the poor and lower middle class
            Marathi citizens of Mumbai.
               The Gogate’s of Belgaum were followers of Tilak and started
            the  mining  industry. Later, the  head of the  group  became
            the President of the Maratha Chamber. Ganpule’s of Morvi,
            Gujarat started chinaware and and sanitaryware industry.
            Vishnupant Velankar started Gajanan Textile Mills in Sangli.
            Bhausaheb  Dhamankar,  who  was a student  of Talegaon &
            Wai Rastriya schools,  started  handloom and power loom
            industry in  Bhiwandi  and later he  entered  dredging industry
            which used to deepen water level in creeks in Kalyan, Thane
            districts by extracting the mud and sand formation, which used
            to be demanded by construction industry of growing Greater
            Bombay Region. Raobahadur Shembekar started agro- industry
            and lathe industry in Chakan, Chinchwad and Pimpri Aras.

               Tilak encouraged and promoted the entertainment industry
            of Maharashtra by  appreciating  talent  of young adolescent,
            Narayan Rajhans  and gave him the honourable  title  of
            ‘Balgandharva’. Shri  Dhundiraj Phalke alias Dadasaheb was
            influenced  by  his  Swadeshi  Mantra and  went  to  England
            and studied the technique  of filming and cinematography.
            He returned and started to produce ‘silent  movies’ like
            Gangavataran. Later, he developed the ‘talkies’ and made a first
            feature film in India. Today he is known as the ‘Father of Indian
            Film Industry’.

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