Page 37 - Swatantrata to Atmanirbharta : Lokmanya Tilak’s legacy
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assimilation of all caste and community groups. Until 1904-05,
            the British had no idea that these festivals were being used for
            patriotic  activities.  In  1908,  Tilak  was  charged  with  sedition
            charges by the British Government and was sentenced a jail of
            6 years to be served in Mandalay, Burma. Even after Tilak went
            to Mandalay, the nature of these festivals remained the same
            and patriotic programs continued during  those  times.  “He
            returned from Mandalay in June 1914. At that time, the British
            had issued an ordinance preventing anyone from visiting him.
            The British were afraid that Ganeshotsav would come in a few
            months after that and Tilak would continue his activities. The
            British had taken steps to prevent Tilak from benefiting from
            these festivals” - states historian Sadanand More in his book
            ‘Lokmanya te Mahatma’. The British imposed strict restrictions
            during these festivals after this - speeches by Tilak were banned,
            use of his photos was not allowed, and to applaud anyone other
            than Lord Ganesh was not allowed. After Tilak was banned
            from speaking, he used to attend these events without saying
            a word.  That  was enough  in  that  situation  too.  He  used  his
            mere presence to instill patriotism. This marks the widespread
            popularity Tilak had gained in masses.

               The Power of Media - Kesari and Mahratta
               Lokmanya Tilak  wanted to  inculcate  both  collective
            thinking as well as action into the masses. For the cultivation
            of enlightened minds  Tilak  started  and edited  two weekly
            newspapers - Kesari in Marathi and Mahratta in English.

               खींचो न कमानों को न तलवार ननकालो, जब तोप मुकानबल हो तो अख़बार
               The above quote (shayari) says that “Don’t pull the arrows,
            don’t take out the sword, when the cannon is fit, take out the
               Lokmanya Tilak did the same thing as quoted above.

               He used his writing as a weapon against the British colonial
            rulers. Through these newspapers Tilak became widely known
            for his bitter criticism of British rule. This also highlights Tilak’s
            visionary power to anticipate the future needs and the means
            to achieve them. His insistence on mass participation can be
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